Items tagged with 'census'
Quick: Guess which 5-year age group has the most people of any age group in the Capital Region.
OK, got your answer? Hold onto it for a second.
The Census Bureau recently released new estimates for the populations of counties by age. And those numbers can help us get a sense of the age distribution of people here in the Capital Region -- and answer questions like which age group has the most people.
Plenty of graphs and maps are the jump.
But first, let's answer that question at the top...
The topic of changing population popped up in comments earlier this week, so we figured it'd be interesting to whip together a clickable map of some new numbers for city and town population changes both here in the Capital Region and across the state.
And it turns out the Capital Region is a bit of an outlier.
Let's have a look...
The population of the Albany metro area was 881,830 as of last July 1, according to Census Bureau estimates released Thursday. That's up 1,739 people -- 0.2 percent -- compared to the same point in 2014.
The Capital Region is up 11,117 people -- 1.28 percent -- from 2010, according to the estimates. Its population growth (by percent) during that time ranked #260 among the 381 metro areas.
So what makes up that modest growth?
The Census Bureau released new state population estimates this week and the Empire State was pegged at 19,795,791 people as of July 1, 2015. That's up an estimated 46,933 from the same point in 2014, an increase of .25 percent.
But that small increase wasn't enough for New York to catch back up with Florida, which passed New York for the #3 spot in the national population ranking last year. Florida's population grew an estimated 1.84 percent between July 1, 2014 and July 1, 2015.
And that's the overall story for New York's population -- it's growing, but very slowly, especially compared to California, Texas, and Florida. The Empire State's population is up an estimated 2.02 percent between 2010 and 2015. But over that same period California is up 4.85 percent, Texas is up 8.81 percent, and Florida is up 7.54 percent. (The graph above illustrates the change for each state since 2010.)
The drag on New York's overall population growth is that it's losing a relatively large number of people each year to other states. It lost an estimated 628,672 people between July 1, 2010 and July 1, 2015 to what the Census calls domestic migration.
So, what's propping up New York's population? People coming to the state from outside the United States -- international migration to New York is an estimated +606,667 between 2010 and 2015. And New Yorkers are having babies at a much faster rate than people here are dying -- New York is an estimated +441,603 over that same period for births and deaths.
There are a handful of clickable national maps (and another graph) after the jump. Because of course there is.
The Albany metro area continues to have one of the nation's higher median household incomes, and one of the the lower rates of poverty, according to the newest estimates from the Census Bureau.
The median household income in the Albany metro -- the point at which half the households had more income, and half had less -- was an estimated $62,265 (+/-1,494) in 2014. That's up just a bit from 2013 -- $59,626 (+/-1,981) ($60,593.25 in 2014 dollars). And it ranks 41st among the 381 metropolitan statistical areas the Census tracks.
The Albany metro area's poverty rate was an estimated 11.7 percent (+/- 0.9). (It was 12.5 percent (+/-1.0) in 2013.) The metro's poverty rate was the 51st lowest among the 381 metros, lower than 87 percent of them. The Capital Region's poverty rate for kids wasn't quite so low -- an estimated 17.1 percent (+/-2), lower than 76 percent of metros.
Another angle on income and poverty is income inequality. And for that the Census Bureau publishes a figure called the Gini index -- a Gini index of 1 means only person has all the income, and 0 means everyone in a group has the same level. The Capital Region's Gini index for 2014 -- an estimated .4357 (+/-0.0119) -- was the 80th lowest (that is, toward the more equal end) among metropolitan areas.
Even if those three measure look relatively good for the Capital Region, there are still some troubling parts to the picture.
Each weekday in the Capital Region a large tide of people wash into the area's urban centers for their work days, and then stream back home. So large is this tide for the city of Albany that its daytime population during the week rises by 2/3.
So, where do all these people come from? Well, thanks to some recently released Census data, we can some sense of an answer to that question. And to extend the water metaphor a bit further, we can map out the "commuter sheds" that drain into each of the Capital Region's urban centers each weekday.
So let's have a look.
The Albany-Schenectady-Troy metropolitan area* had a population of 880,167 as of July 1, 2014, according to new estimates released by the Census Bureau this week. That ranks the Albany metro #61 for population among the nation's almost-400 Census-designated metro areas. (The same ranking as in 2013.)
The metro population is up 1.1 percent -- 9,447 people -- since 2010. But its ranking is down one spot since that year, because other parts of the country have gained population faster. (Population in metro areas was up 3.9 across the nation during that time.)
The Census Bureau also released new population estimates for cities, towns, and villages.
Can you guess which place in the Capital Region has gained the most people since 2010?
Last week we wrote about one of the residential conversions in progress in downtown Albany. As is so often the case, a prominent thread in the comments was the rental price. And then chris capped things off with this comment:
Hey, when people start buying houses again this place will be half-empty and they'll have to drop the rent. Have patience...
We were thinking about how chris framed the situation -- essentially, people are leaning away from buying houses right now and toward renting -- and wondering if we could get a better sense of the situation.
Are there numbers on that? Of course. Did we look them up? Of course. Are we now going to share some of the numbers with you, with graphs? Of course.
New York has slipped to #4 in the national population rankings, according to new Census Bureau estimates for 2014 out today. Florida edged past New York to take the #3 spot behind California and Texas.
It's not that New York lost population, it's just that didn't grow as fast as Florida (and many other states). The Census Bureau estimates the Empire State had 19,746,227 residents as of this past July. That's up about 50,000 residents from the year before (about .2 percent). In that same time Florida is up approximately 293,000 residents (about 1.5 percent). The difference between New York and Florida is now about 147,000 in the Sunshine State's favor.
Zooming out a bit and looking at the numbers since 2010 highlights some of the trends. The nation's total population grew an estimated 3.3 percent between 2010 and 2014. But New York's population grew 1.9 percent (roughly 368k people) -- and Florida was up 5.8 percent (roughly 1 million people). The Empire State ranked just 31st in the country for population gain.
So, what's contributing to these totals?
Roughly 3/4 of households in the Albany metro area have a broadband internet subscription. But almost 20 percent of households don't have any internet access at all.
Those are a few bits from a recent Census Bureau release of data about internet access around the country. Last year was the first time the Census collected this sort of information. So we thought we'd have a look.
Today is St. Patrick's Day, both a Catholic religious holiday and a holiday for people celebrating their Irish heritage. (Or, you know, just celebrating a good excuse to get together with friends.)
As it happens, this part of the country -- both the Northeast and Upstate New York -- have some of the highest percentages in the US of people claiming Irish ancestry. This Trulia map from last year, which maps by county, illustrates that well. So we though it'd be fun to map New York State cities and towns by percent of people claiming Irish heritage, based on Census data.
Maps, and a chart or two, a few facts for conversation over corned beef and cabbage...
Updated with better maps.
You know how people often talk about moving from the Capital Region to someplace warm? Well, according to recently released Census Bureau estimates about migration flows, the most popular state to move to from the Capital Region is Florida.
But Florida is also one of the states people most frequently move from to the Capital Region, too.
That, and whole bunch of other bits we turned up while going through the numbers this week, after the jump.
And you know there are charts and maps. Of course.
Household income and poverty rates in New York State -- and how Saratoga is different from the rest of the Capital Region
Map(s) of the day: New York State counties by median household income and percent of people living in poverty.
The Census Bureau released new income and poverty estimates -- for the year 2012 -- this month. So we put together maps of New York State based on the data.
Three large-format, clickable maps are post jump -- along with a few observations.
Fact of the day: The Albany metro has more than 57,000 residents who are military veterans, according to 2012 Census Bureau estimates. That's about 8.3 percent of the metro's area's population of civilian adults.
A few more bits for Veterans Day:
+ Roughly 30 percent of veterans in the Albany metro area served during the Vietnam war -- making up the largest period of service.
+ The two most populous age groups for local veterans: 75 years and over (27.5 percent of local vets) and 35-54 (24.6 percent). Though 65-74 years old is close behind at 23.3 percent (and within the margin of error) -- in fact, about half of the Albany metro's veterans are 65 or older.
+ More than 5 percent of local veterans are estimated to be women.
+ And among the Capital Region's four core counties, Albany County has the most number of veterans (17,875) -- but its total is the smallest by percent of population (7.2 percent). Saratoga County has the highest percentage, at 9.6 percent.
A few charts illustrating these numbers are after the jump.
Worth a look: This "dot map" of the United States -- it plots everyone in the country, color-coded by race and ethnicity, one dot per person, based on 2010 Census data. It was created by Dustin Cable, a researcher and statistician at the Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service at the University of Virginia.
From the explainer for the map:
This map is an American snapshot; it provides an accessible visualization of geographic distribution, population density, and racial diversity of the American people in every neighborhood in the entire country. The map displays 308,745,538 dots, one for each person residing in the United States at the location they were counted during the 2010 Census. Each dot is color-coded by the individual's race and ethnicity. The map is presented in both black and white and full color versions. In the color version, each dot is color-coded by race.
We pulled a few screen grabs from the Capital Region. They're after the jump, along with map we created last year that depicts local neighborhoods by a diversity score.
Post-St. Patrick's Day fact of the day: the Albany metro area ranks #4 among the nation's 100 largest metros for percent of population that's Irish, according to an analysis by the real estate info site Trulia. It found that 15.6 percent of the people in this metro area reported being of "primary" Irish ancestry.
Trulia also has an interactive version of the national map above. The top metro was, not surprisingly, Boston -- followed by two areas nearby in Massachusetts. Syracuse ranked #5.
The analysis used data from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey.
The report only ranked the top-50 largest metro areas (by population), so the Albany metro didn't get its percentage of high-income households listed. But the Washington Post has the county-by-county data, along with an interactive map -- five percent of households in Albany and Saratoga counties are in the high-income category, four percent in Schenectady County, and three percent in Rensselaer County. (WP has more info.)
And by the way: the lower limit for the top five percent of households by income in the Albany metro area is $184,514.
Anyway, we thought this would be a good time to look at income distribution in this area again. We did that in 2011, and there's some updated data now. And we've also pulled together some other numbers that we hope will provide a bit more context.
And, yep, if you just want to see where your household ranks -- there's a quick chart to do that, too...
Demographic fact of the day: New York State had 4,605 centenarians in 2010, according to the Census Bureau. That was the second highest total in the country, behind California (5,921), and ahead of Florida (4,090).
As you'd expect, the states with the largest populations tended to have the most people over age 100. But looking at states (and DC) by the number of centenarians per 10,000 people, New York ranks 7th with 2.38 per 10,000. California is way back in the pack with just 1.59 per 10,000. And Florida's at 2.18.
The states with the most centenarians per 10,000: North Dakota (3.29 per 10,000), followed by South Dakota (2.95), Iowa (2.78), Nebraska (2.74), and Connecticut (2.60).
Post jump: a Census map of the state's by total centenarians, and per 10,000.
[via Gannett Albany Watch]
The Country Knolls neighborhood in Clifton Park has the smallest income inequality of any place in the nation, according to the Census Bureau (with a handful of statistical caveats). That is, there's very little distance between the high and low ends of the income distribution there (Gini index of 0.214). Or, to put it simply, almost everyone there has just about the same level of household income.
Notes the Census Bureau in the report, U.S. Neighborhood Income Inequality in the 2005-2009 Period:
Country Knolls CDP NY, part of the Albany Urbanized Area about halfway between Albany and Saratoga Springs NY (see Map 2), has the lowest measured income inequality (though not different from the others in the table because of the small sample sizes)--0.214, or 46 percent of the U.S. figure.21 In these small places with low inequality, sorting is likely the source of the homogeneity in income. For example, in Country Knolls in 2005-2009, 96 percent of the people were White non-Hispanic; 85 percent of households are married-couple households; 97 percent of the people at least 1 year old were living in the same residence 1 year earlier; 26 percent of people 25 years and over had a graduate or professional degree; the median income of households was $107,589; and only 9 of 609 housing units were renter-occupied (1.5 percent).
That median income would put a household somewhere close to the 80th percentile for income in the Capital Region.
A tip of the hat to the TU's Chris Churchill for noticing this. And The Biz Review talked about it with Clifton Park supervisor Phil Barrett, who lives in that neighborhood.
Earlier on AOA: Capital Region income distribution
map: US Census Bureau
New York State lost a net of 1.6 million residents to other states over the last decade, according to an analysis of Census data by the Empire Center. Among the report's findings:
+ Since 1960, New York has lost 7.3 million residents to the rest of the country. This was partially offset by an influx of 4.8 million foreign immigrants, resulting in a net decline of 2.5 million residents.
+ New York's average annual domestic migration loss - the difference between people moving in from other states and out to other states -- jumped from about 60,000 people in the 1960s to an all-time high of nearly 237,000 in the 1970s. The state's domestic migration outflows have averaged between 130,000 and 160,000 a year since 1980.
+ For a second consecutive decade, New York's net population loss due to domestic migration was the highest of any state as a percentage of population.
+ New York's net migration loss - the sum of domestic and foreign migration - increased over the last decade to its highest level since the 1970s. Thirteen states had negative net migration between 2000 and 2010, and only three (Illinois, Louisiana and Michigan) lost a bigger share of their populations to migration than New York.
The chart above is from the report. The black line tracks net migration -- the loss of people to other states has been ongoing trend for the last 50 years.
The report also breaks out migration numbers for counties. Totals for the Capital Region are after the jump.
So where's everyone going? A Pew study asked that question a few years back. The top three states for New Yorkers migrating elsewhere: Florida, New Jersey and Pennsylvania.
chart: Empire Center
The Census Bureau reported today that the median age of people in New York State is 38. (That is, half the people here are older than that, half are younger.) That's up from 35.9 in the 2000 Census.
Here are the median ages for the four core counties of the Capital Region (and medians from a decade ago):
Albany: 38.5 (36.8)
Rensselaer: 39.2 (36.7)
Saratoga 40.8 (36.9)
Schenectady: 39.8 (38.6)
The graph above is the age distribution for the Capital Region.
After the jump: the median ages for a handful of Capital Region cities and towns. Also: everyone's favorite game -- can you guess the local municipality by its age distribution?
The Census Bureau released 2010 populations totals for places in New York State Thursday afternoon.
The population of the Capital Region's four core counties was up more than five percent since the last census in 2000, which made this area an outlier for upstate. Breakouts for the individual local counties are above (breakouts for all the cities and towns in the Capital Region are after the jump).
New York State's population was up about two percent, as was New York City's population. Officials there are already arguing there was an undercount.
Breakouts for Capital Region cities and towns -- as well as a few notes -- after the jump.